I have come across several questions lately on the sale of raw goat milk in Arizona. As you know, we offer raw goat milk for sale that is labeled not for human consumption. The state of Arizona does in fact allow for the sale of raw milk (cow, goat, etc.) for human consumption, provided additional requirements are met. I have included a good paraphrase from a website and also the Articles from the Arizona State Legislature on the matter.
Interestingly enough, Arizona allows the sale of raw milk from other states so long as they meet Arizona guidelines. Federal laws claim that raw milk can be sold in each of the respective states, so long as they are also produced within that state. Sounds like a bit of a conflict there, doesn’t it? So what’s new…
Sales in Arizona can be on either the farm, or in a commercial store. Herd shares are apparently not legal at this time.
Arizona permits the sale of raw milk and raw milk products as long as they carry the required warning label. Their sale can take place on the farm and in grocery stores. Farmers selling raw milk and cream must obtain a producer-distributor license. Selling other raw dairy products requires obtaining a producer-manufacturer license in addition. There must be state approved bottling equipment on the farm. – http://www.realmilk.com/happening.html
Title 3 – Agriculture
Chapter 4, Article 1
Sale of milk, milk products, raw milk and raw milk products; regulation
A. All milk and milk products, including cottage cheese, as defined in the federal milk ordinance, sold to the final consumer, restaurants, soda fountains, grocery stores or similar establishments shall be grade A pasteurized or certified pasteurized milk and milk products. No other milk or milk products may be sold to the final consumer, restaurants, soda fountains, grocery stores or similar establishments except:
1. Grade A raw or certified raw milk and cream only when produced and bottled or produced, manufactured and placed in containers for final sale within this state.
2. Cottage cheese, buttermilk, butter, kefir and other cheeses made from grade A raw or certified raw milk.
3. Manufactured milk products made from manufacturing milk.
B. Any raw milk, raw cream or raw milk products authorized under subsection A shall meet the same health and sanitation standards provided for in this chapter for similar grade A pasteurized milk and milk products.
C. Raw milk or cream or cottage cheese, butter, buttermilk, kefir or cheeses made from raw milk or cream shall be displayed for sale separately from and shall not be commingled with pasteurized dairy products. The display shall be prominently marked “raw milk” or “raw milk products”. The principal display panel of the label on a raw milk product shall prominently state “raw milk product”. The principal display panel of the label on raw milk shall prominently state “raw milk: not pasteurized and may contain organisms injurious to your health.” In each case the label statement shall appear in conspicuous and easily legible bold-faced print or type in distinct contrast to other matter on the package. The label statement shall appear as a distinct item on the principal display panel, shall be separated by a space at least equal to the height of the lettering used in the statement from other printed label information appearing above or below the statement and by a space at least equal to twice the width of the letter “N” of the type style used in the statement from other printed label information appearing to the left or right of the statement. The statement shall be in letters in a type size established in relationship to the area of the principal display panel of the package and shall be uniform for all packages of substantially the same size by complying with the following type specifications:
1. Not less than one-eighth inch in height on packages the principal display panel of which has an area of twenty-five square inches or less.
2. Not less than three-sixteenths inch in height on packages the principal display panel of which has an area of more than twenty-five but not more than one hundred square inches.
3. Not less than one-fourth inch in height on packages the principal display panel of which has an area of more than one hundred square inches but not more than four hundred square inches.
4. Not less than one-half inch in height on packages the principal display panel of which has an area of more than four hundred square inches.
D. Raw milk products authorized under the provisions of subsection A may be produced outside this state and sold in this state and may be manufactured and placed in containers for final sale on premises other than those where the milk is produced.
E. Raw milk and raw milk products authorized under subsection A may not be sold or used by restaurants, soda fountains or other similar establishments.
Raw milk; registering and testing herd of producer
A. A person producing raw milk or raw milk products for sale to the ultimate consumer for human consumption shall register with the division the location and number of dairy cattle or goats supplying raw milk or milk products.
B. Cows or goats producing raw milk as prescribed in subsection A of this section shall be tested for tuberculosis at least annually, and the milk from such cows or goats shall be tested for brucellosis by the ring test method at least once each month, and all adult animals shall be blood tested for brucellosis annually. Cows or goats which do not test negative for tuberculosis or brucellosis as provided in this section shall be dealt with by the division as provided in sections 3-1205, 3-1742 and 3-1773.
C. The testing provided for in subsection B of this section shall be at the expense of the owner of the cows or goats.